The Supply Chain

The terminal receives, stores and is a main export location for metallurgical and thermal coal extracted from mines in the central Bowen Basin. The terminal is just one step in the coal supply chain.

Coal is extracted from either an open cut or underground mine by mining companies and is then processed before being stockpiled at or near the mine.

From the stock pile, the coal is loaded onto coal trains and taken to DBCT. The coal trains are operated by one of three operators: Pacific National, Aurizon National Coal, and BMA Rail, all of which operate on Aurizon Network’s electrified rail network. These trains carry approximately 10,000 metric tonnes of coal in 2.4 kilometre trains to the terminal.

When the train reaches the terminal, it passes through one of three inloading rail receival stations, where the coal is unloaded from the open bottom of the train and onto conveyors. From here the coal is transferred to the DBCT stockyard.

In the stockyard different types of coal are categorised into piles, and are transferred from the stockyard to shiploaders 3.8 kilometres offshore via conveyers. Finally shiploaders transfer the coal onto customer vessels, who transport the coal to various ports around the world.

Key Components


Three rail inloading systems feeding conveyors transferring coal to the stockyard at up to 8,100 tonnes/hour.


Stockyard with an area of over 366,000sqm serviced by five stacker reclaimers, four stackers and three reclaimers.


Three outloading systems to the ship loaders, with three ship loaders capable of loading at up to 8,650 tonnes per hour.


Four shipping berths, located approximately 3.8 kilometres offshore, all capable of berthing Cape size vessels to 220,000dwt.