b'Product Mix Necessity of SteelThe terminals throughput is approximatelyAn essential product for the future.80 per cent metallurgical coal, used inSteel is used extensively in the construction, infrastructure steel production.and manufacturing industries. It is affordable, readily available The mix of coal products handled at the terminal has remainedand its intrinsic properties, including strength, durability relatively stable over time, reflecting the composition of coaland recyclability, contribute to improved environmental currently produced in the Bowen Basina high proportionperformance over the lifecycle of buildings and infrastructure. ofmetallurgical coal and a small quantity of high-qualityIf a product is not made of steel, it is likely to have been thermal coal. manufactured by machines made of steel. DBCT is considered a specialty port at which end customersThere is currently no viable substitute for steel, given can obtain multiple grades of metallurgical coal at a singleits adaptability and cost-effectiveness. The demand for location. Over 80 different grades of metallurgical coal arefinishedsteel is forecast to continue to grow.marketed from the terminal. Queensland metallurgical coalThere are a number of initiatives under development to is considered a premium global product due to high carbonreducethe emissions intensity of steelmaking. Industrial content, which is essential to producing high-quality steel,carbon capture and storage is expected to make the most aswell as its high fluidity and coke strength. significant contribution to decarbonisation targets. This Blast furnaces used in steel making are highly sensitive toinvolves retrofitting steel plants with capture technology in changes in coal composition and properties. As a result, steelwhich the carbon dioxide produced is captured and utilised in mills tend to be long-term customers of the coal producersthe industrial value chain to produce fuels or input materials.that ship through the terminal.There are also various technologies in development which The thermal coal shipped through DBCT is also typically lowutilise alternatives to coal in steelmaking, including the use in moisture and therefore a higher effective energy contentofhydrogen. While some of these have shown potential, than thermal coal produced in other regions, making it morethere appears to be significant further development required efficient in the production of electricity. for these to become viable alternatives. We continue to see The proportion of metallurgical coal handled at DBCT isan important role for metallurgical coal in the steelmaking forecast to increase. This is supported by a queue for access forprocess for many years to come.predominantly metallurgical coal mines.FACTORIES AROUND THE WORLD USE STEEL TO PRODUCE A WIDE RANGE OF ESSENTIAL PRODUCTS: Railways Aircraft ShipsComputers Phones Agricultural Wind Appliancesequipment turbinesSolar panels Vehicles Construction Bridges Foodequipment storage cans5'